In the Hollywood movie Love & Other Drugs, Jamie (Jake Gyllenhaal) gets a piece of advice to leave his sick girlfriend, Maggie (Anne Hathway), and find a healthy partner. She had Parkinson's (Stage one). He did not leave her, and the movie ended on a happy note. Not because she got cured of Parkinson's, but because they decided to face it together. To date, there has been no known cure for Parkinson's.
Parkinson's is a nervous system disorder, also classified as a neurodegenerative disease. Dopamine-producing brain cells get damaged or die in the brain. Dopamine is a chemical messenger in the brain that performs many essential functions. It's involved in reward, motivation, memory, attention, and regulating body movements. Parkinson's disease causes unintended or uncontrollable movements of the body. It is both a chronic and progressive disease, meaning it persists over a long time, and its symptoms worsen over time. The exact cause of Parkinson's is unknown. Some cases are due to heredity, while others are due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Since the precise cause is unknown, the cure is also challenging to find.
Parkinson's mainly affects people above 60 years of age. The average life expectancy after diagnosis is 7-14 years. The prevalence of Parkinson's is about 1.5 times higher in men as compared to women. As estimated in 2016, nearly 580,000 people in India have Parkinson's. At present, the total population suffering from Parkinson's disease stands at 10 million worldwide. The number of patients will go up with time as the population ages. The health care cost incurred due to this illness is mammoth. The direct and indirect cost of Parkinson's in the United State